The optimal lighting of a sports field depends to a large extent on the corresponding sport. Fast motion requires higher illumination than slow motion.
Sports lighting is divided into three lighting levels, reflecting the type of space used:
Lighting Level 1: High-level competition, high-level training, domestic and international
Lighting Level 2: Intermediate competition, high level Training
Lighting Level 3: Simple Competition, General Training, General School and Recreational Sports.
Glare can make movement impossible. The ball cannot be tracked and fatigue may occur. Depending on the possible arrangement of the spotlights (high illuminance, few spots), narrow beam angles and higher wattage must be used. The location of the lighting is critical here. However, it’s not just the glare on the pitch that matters here – spectators should also be able to observe the game without glare.
Lighting uniformity has a big impact on player positioning. The more uniform the lighting, the better the ball’s velocity can be estimated. If parts of the playing field are dark, players have to subconsciously compensate for this during play, which can lead to fatigue.
Light flickering is another area that annoys players and makes the game more difficult. In order to be consciously perceived by people, the flicker of the light must be huge. This is not the same as a fast movement or a small, fast ball. Moderately flickering lights become a problem here, too. HDTV broadcasts have the highest demands on lighting and can be made impossible by flickering lights.
- Light pollution
Targeted lighting of sports fields is a must, especially outdoors. Non-directional light emitted into the environment, which does not need to illuminate the playing field, not only adds to the cost. Residents and nature were greatly disturbed. Light pollution can be minimized with good planning, directional lighting and glare protection
- Shadow formation in sports lighting
Directional light – especially at high power – can cause shadows to form. Shadows can irritate players and can also make parts of the playing field unclear.
When planning lighting, shadow formation at each point on the playing field must be taken into account. The arrangement and alignment of the heat sinks must avoid shadows.
- Color reproduction
Depending on the movement, color perception is also important.
Hyperbole: A game would be impossible if colors could no longer be used to distinguish different teams.
But even small chromatic aberrations can make viewing games difficult, such as B. making TV broadcasts look ugly.
- Maintenance-free sports lighting
Whether in halls or outdoors on masts – spotlights used for sports field lighting are often hard to reach. In order not to incur high costs through disproportionate effort, lighting should be as low-maintenance as possible. In the case of maintenance, installing the power supply unit in an accessible area is a great advantage.
AIKO Harmony AFL09 G3 is suitable all sports fields.
AIKO lighting can provide Dialux or AGI32 lighting design for upgrade your sports facility and offer suitable lighting solution for you.