Lighting systems for stadiums and sports arenas are created using poles and floodlight masts. During the formation and implementation of projects, the dimensions of the stadium, architecture, and features of the operation of the building are taken into account. In accordance with these criteria, the power and location of lighting devices are selected, often powerful floodlights are used . With their competent combination, the proper conditions are created for athletes who, without obstacles, can reach new heights in various disciplines, as well as for spectators, in front of whom the events unfold as if in the palm of their hand. Good visibility is also important for cameramen, photographers, and advertisers.
Types of stadiums, features and standards of their lighting
1) Football field
Artificial lighting of football stadiums is created taking into account the size of the stadium, the standard length of which ranges from 105 to 110 m, and the width is often 70–75 m. Requirements for the quality of lighting are regulated by regulatory documents. In addition to the level of average horizontal illumination, the color temperature, the uniformity of the distribution of the light flux, and the absence of a dazzling effect are important.
According to the standards, the use of linear, mast, mixed systems is acceptable. Searchlight masts in stadiums are located in the corners. The higher they are, the better the lighting. This solution is optimal for small stadiums in regions where local or regional matches are mainly played.
When choosing a linear lighting system, lamps and spotlights are mounted around the perimeter of the stadium, directly on the canopies that are located above the stands, supports or suspended structures. This ensures the uniformity and quality of the luminous flux, although it leads to an increase in the cost of the project.
It is noteworthy that stadium lighting standards are developed by various organizations , and their prescriptions may differ from each other. For example, the Olympic Committee or FIFA. According to the FIFA regulations, for stadiums of the highest category, the minimum level of horizontal illumination is 3500 lx. The luminaires used should have an efficiency of 70% or more, and the optimum color temperature should be 4000 K, as in bright daylight.
If running tracks are not provided, stadium lighting poles with asymmetric or symmetrical light distribution are used, on four or six poles, in which one to three operating modes are provided.
2) Tennis court
The minimum allowable illumination, according to European standards, is 200 lux. The recommended vertical illumination is from 1.5 m above the court itself. If you neglect the installation of fixtures or install them incorrectly, it will be extremely difficult to play tennis on the court in the evening. After all, the average speed of the ball reaches 130 km / h, and players and spectators must always keep it in sight, which is possible only in conditions of sufficient visibility. Important points to consider when organizing court lighting include:
Competent arrangement of lamps, masts – in full accordance with the previously prepared project, which takes into account the size of the court, the features of its location and the level of games being played.
The complete absence of a blinding effect – for this, anti-glare grilles and visors are used.
The type of coating and wall materials must be taken into account for indoor courts.
3) Ice Arena
Hockey games that are held on ice arenas need high-quality lighting for the comfort of players and spectators. The same applies to figure skating, curling, skating. Lighting standards in this case depend on the type of arena – it is universal or reserved for a specific sport. According to the basic classification, ice rinks can be educational and training, which are operated exclusively in preparation for competitions, do not provide stands, conditions for video filming, and demonstration rinks, where competitions of different levels are held.
The lighting project for the ice arena should be based on the current documentation, among which the main ones are considered to be the standards of SP 52.13330.2016 “Natural and artificial lighting. The standard ice arena lighting standards provide for a minimum horizontal illumination at ice level of 500 lux. Lighting poles on indoor ice hockey arenas should be mounted at a height of 6 m. In the case of open areas, this figure is much lower and amounts to only 100 lux.
4) Volleyball court
For outdoor sports facilities, which include the majority of volleyball courts, lighting with an average horizontal illumination of 200 Lx is provided. Objects of the third class are equipped mainly with LED lamps, providing an average horizontal illumination of 700 lx. They are installed in accordance with a pre-prepared project, they provide bright, safe, comfortable lighting with a high level of visibility, safety for athletes. Thanks to LED lighting sources, the level of environmental safety is noticeably increased, plus they are easily supplemented with special sensors, monitoring systems that allow you to track malfunctions.
5) Sports stadium for running and other athletics disciplines
For competitions in running and other athletics disciplines, lighting is used, which is provided by spotlights and linear lamps. Selection, installation is carried out in accordance with the lighting calculation, which is based on the size, category of the stadium. Indoor stadiums, such as the Winter Stadium in St. Petersburg, are equipped with luminaires installed at ceiling level. These can be overhead models with aluminum reflectors, protective glasses, which have a high light transmission coefficient, which guarantees a high level of efficiency.
A large stadium with running tracks is illuminated by masts of various heights, often from 25 to 50 m. These are placed in the corners and combined with spotlights. Work in several modes :
Stadium LED lighting projects currently prevail over standard ones, in which other light sources are used. Supports, masts, lighting poles and spotlights are used as equipment for lighting sports facilities. Their correct selection and combination in accordance with the project makes it possible to avoid typical mistakes:
High brilliance, which is fraught with blinding of participants in sports.
Uneven lighting with shadows and spots, because of which the eyes of spectators, participants in the competition quickly get tired.
Low energy efficiency.
high light loss.
Selection of equipment is carried out in accordance with a pre-prepared project, which takes into account the size and type of object. All stadiums are usually divided into 3 categories: professional, semi-professional, amateur. Thanks to their illumination with LED spotlights, it is possible to provide the necessary conditions for competitions and training at any time of the day.
When implementing a lighting project, it is important to choose high-quality, modern equipment. Therefore, if you need powerful and durable luminaires, contact trusted manufacturers – AIKO is at your service. The plant produces stadium lighting poles that are 100% compliant with technical standards.