An airport has different environments, so there is no rule that governs all space. In this sense, to facilitate the organization of a project, we must consider that there is usually a need for several lighting systems within airport projects:
Commercial lighting, which must be observed in passenger terminals;
Industrial lighting, which governs cargo transport and storage spaces;
Lighting in work environments, which must take into account the regulatory norms for ergonomics in closed rooms and airport offices;
Public lighting on the access roads to the airport;
Specific lighting for night markings and vertical signaling of the runways, which follows international standards;
As we explained, the lighting project at airports requires attention to the different environments, such as the terminals, the airfield and the warehouses.
- Lighting in passenger terminals
Uniformity of light — There should not be a significant difference in light intensity across the task area, unless some specific activity requires more focused light at a workstation. The aim is to prevent employees from being exposed to constant visual adaptation, which can cause intense discomfort;
Controlling the degree of glare — this phenomenon occurs when excessive lighting or the high intensity of a light beam causes severe discomfort or impairs the ability to see. For this, the project must take into account what are the intensity, temperature and ideal focus for good visual acuity in that task;
Integration with daylight — where possible, natural light should complement artificial lighting. In this sense, dimmable luminaires, whose beam intensity can be adjusted, are excellent options;
Color temperature — in work environments, cold or neutral color lamps should be used.
- Lighting in warehouses, loading yards and external areas
In patios and external areas, NBR 5101 and 15.129 must be followed, as lighting must take into account the topography of the area, wind speed, and shadow-generating obstacles.
- Lighting in administrative environments
In environments of administrative activities or human cargo transport, Regulatory Norm 17 of the former Ministry of Labor must also be followed. To do so, check out the following recommendations:
Workplaces must have natural and artificial lighting. In addition to general, diffuse lighting, supplementary points should be implemented according to the activity carried out at the workstation;
The occurrence of “glare, annoying reflections, shadows and excessive contrasts” must be avoided;
- Access road lighting
They are the responsibility of the government, but are often complemented by the airport’s external lighting. Due to its importance, the inspection bodies have recommended to local governments the installation of adequate lighting in the access roads to airports.
- Specific lighting for night beaconing and vertical signaling
In this case, there are a number of national and international standards. After all, this lighting aims at the maximum safety of aircraft operations at airports. Therefore, extreme care must be taken from the electrical systems to the light-emitting equipment.
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